Judo involves throws, chokes, pins, and jointlocks. It is similar to Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, but the emphasis is on dynamically throwing your opponent to the ground and then pinning or submitting him or her.
Judo was created by Jigoro Kano in Japan around the late 1800s. While the physical techniques of Judo allow a person to off-balance and manipulate an opponent, the philosophical elements of Judo are equally important. Kano taught two essential applications: Seiryoku-Zenyo and Jita-Kyoei. Seiryoku-Zenyo is translated as “maximum efficiency with minimum effort.” The focus is on maximizing your technique instead of a physical attribute (size, strength, speed). Jita-Kyoei translates to “mutual benefit for self and others.” This philosophy implies that while we train with potentially harmful techniques, we must also understand how to use our knowledge to help others and ourselves, whether physically, mentally, or spiritually.